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Canada legalizing marijuana

Last Updated Jun 19, 2018 at 6:27 pm MST

A man smokes a marijuana joint during the annual 4/20 marijuana celebration on Parliament Hill in Ottawa on April 20, 2018. Passage of the government's cannabis legislation - and indeed all work in the House of Commons - has been put off until next week thanks to an all-night voting session that carried over into Friday morning. THE CANADIAN PRESS/Justin Tang

Canadians will be able to legally purchase and consume recreational marijuana by mid-September at the latest after the Senate voted Tuesday to lift Canada’s 95-year prohibition on cannabis.

Senators voted 52-29, with two abstentions, to pass bill C-45, after seven months of study and debate.

Senators backed down on an amendment to the federal government’s cannabis legalization bill that would have recognized the authority of provincial governments to ban home cultivation of marijuana plants if they choose.

The Trudeau government rejected that amendment and senators voted 45-35 against insisting on it.

Quebec and Manitoba have already decided to ban home-grown weed, despite the fact that the federal bill specifies that individuals may grow up to four plants per dwelling.

The Senate’s amendment was intended to avoid legal challenges of the provinces’ constitutional authority to prohibit home cultivation.